The number of co-authored and multi-discipline authored articles increased during this time period in every discipline according to statistics provided through the Thomson Reuters Web of Science database Voosen, Bringing together scholars on a research project enables research teams to conduct a potentially higher order of research that is all inclusive and can offer diverse points of view van Eeden, In recent years, ID research has increased in Turkey across most disciplines according to Basal and Keskin , who provide a cartography of ID trends in research competency by discipline in Turkey from to The fields of chemistry, engineering and medicine are identified by Basal and Keskin as particular research strengths for Turkey.
Some research topics can only be addressed through a collaborative ID response. Such is the case with many social, economic and political issues. One of the most notable issues that has transitioned from what was predominantly viewed as a health-only issue to one that is now considered mainstreamed and multisectoral is the global battle against the AIDS epidemic Kher, Because of its global impact, the United Nations even established a joint agency UNAIDS in to help coordinate the international response to the pandemic.
Governments the world over have followed suit by establishing national AIDS councils to help coordinate multisectoral prevention, care, treatment, mitigation and research efforts nationwide Osewe, ID research in many areas enables stakeholders at all levels to draw on common synergies to provide optimal research and learning opportunities:. Increasing recognition that the future of learning is multidisciplinary or cross disciplinary; campus cultures are trying to break down silos, crosspollinate as many efforts as possible not only academic, but also physical planning , and encourage students [and other relevant stakeholders] to collaborate and work together across disciplines.
There is also a trend in the increased amount of ID research among graduate students in many fields of study Fox et al. Solutions to current and emerging challenges are often best answered through a talented and diverse team with strengths from multiple backgrounds Morse et al. Schmidt et al. I prefer the term eclectic interdisciplinarity in that it enables researchers to examine questions based on specific needs and contexts.
Communication and Law: Multidisciplinary Approaches to Research
It also emphasizes the need for researchers to be flexible and to draw from the most appropriate research design and analytical methods to best respond to the respective research questions. Because eclectic interdisciplinarity requires researchers to be flexible, it often requires differing sets of expertise and knowledge that can only be achieved through collaboration of individuals from multiple backgrounds. Prominent funding agencies continue to advocate for and fund ID research initiatives.
Funding is a significant lifeline of innovative academic research and will continue to propel this higher education trend well into the future. Among the most notable areas of interdisciplinarity on higher education campuses occurs within traditional and online classrooms. Teaching in teams and to students from various departments is commonplace at the undergraduate level.
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But increasingly there are needs to bring faculty members from various backgrounds to provide instruction and training within fields of study that were previously taught by their own faculty. New and emerging technologies and business management skills are among the most sought after supplemental courses that are part of standard curricula in many disciplines today Lorenzen-Huber et al.
Technology shifts occur at such a rapid rate that it is virtually impossible to keep up with them through the traditional tenure stream faculty lines. Many teaching subjects are by nature ID. Research methods, gender, international development, organizational management, ethics and values, and environmental studies are some examples of such courses that attract ID students. Cross-cutting course themes and instructional topics often require team teaching to help provide the necessary content and training to class members.
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Technology teaching shifts have helped faculty members from different fields of study and even different universities collaborate through a variety of co-instruction approaches. Shifting some of the instruction to online and hybrid delivery mediums is quickly becoming the global standard of higher education course instruction McCray, ; Howell et al.
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Massive open online courses MOOCs bring in a new dynamic in ID teaching, in that they often enrol students from many different majors as well as non-degree seeking students. People who want to develop a new skill or learn more about a certain subject often enrol in a MOOC. Instructors who have developed MOOCs are generally experts in their respective fields; however, often lack the technical skills to develop a highly interactive and effective online delivery Santos et al.
This requires substantial institutional support or outsourcing the technical aspects of the course design and delivery to one of the major MOOC providers for example, Coursera, Udacity, edX, Canvas and NovoED. Evidence shows the increase in two or more discipline based degrees over the past 40 years see, for instance, Brint et al.
The types of degree offerings vary substantially, but the list continues to grow. Among the most common ID fields include organizational behaviour, management, political science, public health, international studies, international development, human resource management, history, music, environmental studies, biomedical sciences, law, engineering, rural development, agro-physics, agro-chemistry and energy studies see Humphrey et al. These degree programmes are best offered through an integrated team teaching approach that provides students with the necessary ID underpinnings required to perform well in both the private and public sectors Abraham et al.
The rationale for increased ID higher education training is clear.
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Employment demands are drastically different today than they were in the past. Many employers recognize the need to hire recent graduates who are equipped with sufficient competencies, skills and an ability to adapt to change and diverse settings. Employers understand how important it is for graduates to be able to work as a member of a team as well as being able to understand certain core disciplinary competencies. In the post-Enron Scandal Era, there is likewise a renewed emphasis that business, accountancy and law graduates should have training and commitment to sound business ethics and character values.
Liberal arts schools that provide a solid general education for one or more years, followed by a specialization in a specific discipline highlights the role ID programmes play throughout many HEIs in the United States and across the globe Baker et al. Liberal arts schools have traditionally adapted to change and are continuing to do so today Spellman, ; Bonvillian and Murphy, Those that do not adapt, however, are finding it difficult to remain competitive and are facing tough choices to discontinue certain majors and degree programmes Smith II, While some scholars and practitioners disagree with the treatise that technology by itself enhances pedagogical outreach, there is no question that technology has helped facilitate the trend towards increased ID programmes and degree offerings Ertmer, ; Laurillard, ; Hoekstra and Mollborn, This bodes well for those interested in advancing ID programmes and degree options for current and future students.
Higher education literature trends indicate an increase in ID research, teaching and student degree offerings. Competitive degree programmes in the future may follow the Universitas 21 network model or the Semester Online consortium model developed by 2U and 13 HEIs in Australia, Ireland, and the United States that jointly offered courses online to students from participating universities. University consortia exist at many levels, including in the areas of joint funding procurement, course offerings and degree offerings.
While expansion of ID activities is inevitable, there are also cautions that quality should be continually examined and maintained. This is especially difficult when multiple governance structures are in place. Quality is of particular concern when expanding ID activities with partners overseas Hockenos, Sustainable ID higher education initiatives are those which require commitment from senior administrators, including the investment of personnel, time and physical space see, for instance, McCoy and Gardner, This top-level administrative support includes reward structures for promotion and tenure, as well as for student advancement towards their degree.
Higher education policies need to be established to encourage and facilitate ID activities.
Capacity-building initiatives and human resource training is essential if HEIs are able to institutionalize ID as a core area of research, instruction and programme offerings. This is the first of several articles that will appear on interdisciplinarity in higher education in this journal. Forthcoming articles will examine ID research activities from several multidisciplinary angles, including in neuroscience and media studies; sports, media and psychology; and sociology and culture studies.
How to cite this article : Jacob W J Interdisciplinary trends in higher education. Palgrave Communications doi: Slavicek provides a good history of the terms ID and interdisciplinarity. Critical interdisciplinarity seeks to address dominant challenges and issues within society through transformation, revolution and long-term change. This is defined as the tendency for higher education researchers from particularly different or disparate disciplines to come together for research or instructional purposes more frequently than those from more similar disciplines.
Interdisciplinary trends in higher education
Eclectic interdisciplinarity leverages whatever higher education resources are necessary to help respond to a question, problem or need. It emphasizes the need to be adaptable and recognize that our approach to solving problems sometimes change with time and based on unique and differing circumstances and contexts. Instrumental interdisciplinarity is defined as a pragmatic way of problem solving based on needs and circumstances.
The research proposal will provide selectors with an idea of topics of interest, and help in matching candidates to potential supervisors. Every research student is charged a fee for their programme. The fee covers registration and examination fees payable to the School, lectures, classes and individual supervision, lectures given at other colleges under intercollegiate arrangements and, under current arrangements, membership of the Students' Union. The fee is likely to rise over subsequent years of the programme.
LSE assesses your fee status based on guidelines provided by the Department of Education. Selection for the PhD Studentships and ESRC funding is based on receipt of an application for a place — including all ancillary documents, before the funding deadline. In addition to our needs-based awards, LSE also makes available scholarships for students from specific regions of the world and awards for students studying specific subject areas. There may be other funding opportunities available through other organisations or governments and we recommend you investigate these options as well.
Fees and funding opportunities. Search Go. First year All First year students are MPhil students until they pass their upgrade, at which point they will become PhD students. Theories and concepts training Research Seminar for Media, Communications and Culture Focuses on the key conceptual issues and analytical strategies required in media and communication research, with special reference to the study of the changing environment of media production, dissemination and consumption, under conditions of globalisation and digitisation of information. This is a course which involves 3 discrete sections: i.
Upgrade process In addition to satisfactory completion of the above training, all MPhil students will be required to submit a thesis proposal of 10, words to their thesis committee. All upgraded PhD students must submit an end-of-year reflection document. Progression and upgrade requirements You will initially register for the MPhil and follow a taught programme involving coursework which is formally assessed.
Baym N. Crawford K. Palgrave Chouliaraki L. On the Rise of Mediapolis Cambridge: Polity. Students who successfully complete the programme often embark on an academic career. Further information on graduate destinations for this programme Support for your career Many leading organisations give careers presentations at the School during the year, and LSE Careers has a wide range of resources available to assist students in their job search.
Ludmila Lupinacci Amaral PhD Researcher Porto Alegre, Brazil When I first decided to apply to the Department of Media and Communications, the possibility of meeting, and engaging in intellectually stimulating discussions with renowned international scholars of the field was one of my crucial incentives.
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